Murchison falls National park is situated in the northern part of the Albertine Rift Valley a drive approximately 6hours from Kampala -North west of the country accessed via Masindi. Its situated in a place where the massive Bunyoro escarpment joins into the enormous plains of Acholi land. It is Uganda’s biggest National Park covering over 3840sq.km and became the country’s first National Park in 1952. The southern and southwestern region of Murchison falls conservation area is occupied by Bugungu as well as Karuma wildlife reserves making it about 5,072km2 including The Albert Nile corridor is on the low plains of about 612m at delta point. The temperatures tend to be hot rising up to over 290C during the day and dropping to about 180C with a dry spell from December towards the end of February and June to September. Its home to the exciting falls-The Murchison, presenting visitors to the park opportune moments to see, hear the exploding falls.
BUDONGO- KANIYO PABIDI SECTION AND RABONGO FOREST ECO-SYSTEM
Trails through Kaniyo Pabidi forest for 8Km inside Kichumbanyobo Gate, offer the opportunity to track the resident chimpanzees and other primates below one of Uganda’s largest forest eco-system. Bird watching is excellent with the opportunity of sighting rarities of the Puvel’s illadopsis, while the chocolate-backed kingfisher and white-thighed hornbill among others are available on a nature walk. Nature walks are as well offered at Rabongo forest, an area covered by savanna. At just 4sq.km, Rabongo is considerd a birders haven and is ideal for research.
FLORA AND FAUNA
The Murchison Falls conservation area is a composition of woodland, wetland, savannah as well as tropical forest that is well known to be a habitant for over 76 mammal species and over 450 different bird species. Among the big mammals include hippo, Rothschild’s giraffe, lion, Cape buffalo, Uganda kob, hartebeest and elephants. The Nile corridor of the Murchison has a big collection of water birds such as rare shoebill stork and also has a large concentration of Nile crocodile. Kaniyo Pabidi forest is a home to primates, chimpanzees and over 360 species of different birds.